We wanted to review an interesting study found on ABC News that discusses how the symptoms and signs of Dyslexia may be found before a child begins reading. In the study, researchers followed 96 Italian children for three years, between kindergarten and second grade.
What was found?
A major finding in the study was that children who had problems identifying symbols within patterns and sentences had a harder time reading later on in the study.
The ability to filter out and identify such information is crucial in isolating single letters or syllables before the written words are translated in corresponding speech sound.
ABC News reports that the study authors think dyslexics should be treated differently to take into account this visual information.
Dyslexia, a developmental reading disorder that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols, cannot just be considered a language problem anymore, as it affects comprehension and visual understanding of symbols and patterns, said Andrea Facoetti, assistant professor of psychology at the University of Padova and co-author of the study. It has been widely “accepted that reading disorders arise from a spoken language problem, [but] results demonstrate the critical role played by visual attention in learning to read.